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On Monday, March 30, 2020, Governor Ducey issued a stay-at-home order (EO 2020-18), which will become effective on Tuesday, March 31, 2020 at 5:00 PM. This order applies to all individuals and businesses operating within Arizona. The order is designed to promote physical distancing, while also encouraging social connectedness, in an attempt to slow the spread of COVID-19.
The stay-at-home order directs individuals to limit their time away from residence to the following activities:
When outside of their residences, individuals are directed to maintain at least a six-foot distance from any other person. They are also directed to limit their use of public transportation to those times when it is absolutely necessary to obtain or conduct one of the above-listed activities or to go to work in an “Essential Function.”
The order encourages Arizonans to maintain social connections, with an emphasis on minimizing the mental-health impact of social isolation.
The order prohibits anyone from demanding individuals provide documentation or proof of their activities in order to justify their time outside of the home. It also prohibits any enforcement action unless a person has first been notified and given an opportunity to comply with the stay-at-home order.
The stay-at-home order limits the activity of businesses that do not perform “Essential Functions.” For more information on “Essential Functions,” see below. Those business that do not perform “Essential Functions” may only conduct the following activities:
For single-owner businesses whose activities do not require in-person, on-site public interaction, the order permits normal activity to continue. It also allows sole proprietors or those who work for a family-owned business to conduct work in an office space that is separate from their home so long as the business is not open to serve the public.
Those businesses performing “Essential Functions” are permitted to remain open and operational, but they are required to implement rules and procedures that facilitate physical distancing of at least six feet and other recommended measures as established by the U.S. Department of Labor or the Arizona Department of Health Services.
Again, the order prohibits any enforcement action unless a person has first been notified and given an opportunity to comply with the stay-at-home order.
Governor Ducey issued a previous executive order (EO 2020-11) on March 23, 2020, defining “Essential Functions.” The list of essential functions in Arizona is fairly broad in comparison to what other states and the federal government have issued. The executive order defining essential functions may be found here: https://azgovernor.gov/executive-orders. If you have questions about whether your business performs an essential function, AWD is available to assist.